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Afghanistan conflict

The Afghanistan conflict is a series of wars that has been fought in Afghanistan since 1978. Starting with the Saur Revolution military coup, an almost continuous series of armed conflicts has dominated and afflicted Afghanistan. The wars include:

  • The Soviet-Afghan War began in 1979 and ended in 1989. The Soviet Army invaded in the country to secure the ruling People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) following large waves of rebellion against the government. The Soviet Union withdrew its troops in 1989.
  • The Afghan Civil War (1989-92) was the continuing war between the government and rebels, but without the involvement of Soviet troops. The Soviet-backed Afghan government survived until the fall of Kabul in 1992.
  • The Afghan Civil War (1992-96) began when infighting between the mujahideen rebel factions, after taking Kabul and establishing the Islamic State of Afghanistan, escalated into another full blown conflict. This conflict ended in 1996 after the Taliban took Kabul.
  • The Afghan Civil War (1996-2001) started immediately after the Taliban’s capture of Kabul which involved a new military-political resistance force called Northern Alliance fighting against the Taliban and their partially recognized Emirate. The Alliance’s leader was assassinated by al-Qaeda members on September 9, 2001.
  • The United States invasion of Afghanistan started on October 7, 2001.

It has been estimated that between 1.5 to 2 mln lives have been lost since the start of the conflict.